Report on the Work of the People's Government of Chongqing
----1st Session of the 3rd People's Congress of Chongqing on January 20, 2008
Wang Hongju Mayor of the People's Government of Chongqing
On behalf of the People's Government of Chongqing, I would now like to present to you my report on the work of the People's Government of Chongqing in the past five years and the suggestions on the work in 2008 and in next five years for your deliberation and approval. I also welcome comments and suggestions on the report from the members of Chongqing Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC).
I.Review of the Work in the Past Five Years
Over the past five years, we insisted on the guidance of Deng Xiaoping's Theories and the Three Representatives Thought, followed the scientific concept of development, regarded the Chongqing's revitalization, accelerating the construction of the economic center in the upper reaches of Yangtze River and building up an all-round well-off society as our main task, seized the strategic opportunity to deepen the reform and expand the opening-up, dedicated all our efforts to the development and unified all resources and efforts to advance the construction of harmonious society, and pushed forward the development of economy and society onto another new step. They are mainly represented as follows.
----The overall economic forces are substantially enhanced. According to the preliminary statistics, the GDP of the whole city in 2007 reached RMB 411.2 billion, with an average growth rate of 12.6% for the past five years. The regional GDP per capita exceeds USD 2000, one fold increase over 2002. The local financial revenue reached RMB 78.86 billion, a fourfold increase. The deposit balance of local and foreign currency at the fiscal year end of the financial institutions respectively reached RMB 666.2 billion and RMB 519.7 billion respectively, with a individual increase of more than one fold.
----The implementation of West Development Strategy saw great achievement. The cumulative investment on fixed assets over the past five years was RMB 1051.1 billion, 3 times as that in the previous five years. Totally 126 municipal key projects were completed.
----The "Four Big Tasks" assigned by the Central Government have been substantially accomplished. The general progress of the migration from the Three Gorges Reservoir Area has achieved 95%. The large-scale industry enterprises totally made a profit of RMB 22 billion, the overall labor productivity reached RMB 105,000/man.year, with 4.4 times and 1.3 times increase respectively. The absolute poverty population in the rural area was reduced from 940,000 to 500,000. The time for superior air quality in the city proper increased from 221 days to 289 days. The water quality of Yangtze River in Chongqing section was maintained stably at Class II and III.
----The reform and opening-up has made a new achievement. The total assets of the state-owned enterprises under the administration of Chongqing reached RMB 585 billion, up over one fold. The non-public ownership economy accounted for 55.1% of the total GDP in Chongqing. The total amount of export and import trading broke USD 7 billion, with an average yearly increase of 32.9%. Over the past five years, the cumulative direct foreign investment used reached USD 3 billion, while the cumulative domestic investment was RMB 107.8 billion, respectively with an average yearly increase of 31% and 52.9%.
----The development of "One Circle and Two Wings" went on smoothly.The development of the "One Circle" was accelerated, the supporting to the development of the "Two Wings" and the six regional center cities were strengthened. All districts and counties put all their endeavors to their development.
----The living conditions of both urban and rural residents have been drastically improved. Over 1200 policies for the benefit of the people were enacted. The employment of residents living in urban and town areas increased 1.08 million over the past five years, 2.11 million surplus labors in the rural areas were transferred to other employment, and cumulatively 7.48 million persons have been transferred to other employment. For the urban residents, the disposable income per capita reached RMB 13715, the net income per capita for the rural residents reached RMB 3506, with an average year increase of 13.6% and 10.8% respectively
We have accomplished all objective and tasks determined during the 1st Session of the 2nd People's Congress of Chongqing, and have duly implemented our commitment and undertakings made by us at the early time of our tenure to all people in the city.
Over the past five years, we mainly committed to the works in ten aspects as follows??
(I) Positively implemented the policies and measures on macro-economic control issued by the Central Government, and the reengineering of economic structure has seen a significant achievement. The three industries structure was adjusted from original 16:39.2:44.8 in 2002 to existing 12.9:44.6:42.5. The leading role of industrial economy became more obvious. The proportion of industry investment in the total investment on fixed assets was lifted up from 18% in 2002 to 33.5%, and proportion of the added value of industry in the total GDP was enhanced from 31.7% to 36.8%. The total number of large scale industrial enterprises increased by one fold, and the number of the enterprise having the sales revenue more than RMB 10 billion increased from 1 to 9. The total industry output made by the Chongqing New North Zone, Economic-Technological Zone, High-Tech Zone, Xiyong Microelectronic Industrial Park, Changshou Chemical Park and Featured Industrial Park accounted for 50% of the total industry output in the whole city. The consumption demand continuously increased, and the total retail amount of social consumables increased 94.6% than 2002. The revenue from travelogue was increased by one fold. The real estate industry saw its steady development. The modern logistics, exhibition and cultural originality were in their ascendant.
Medium and long-term outline for the science and technology development planning was implemented. Chongqing Application Technology Research Institute was established, the establishment of Chongqing Agricultural Science Institute and Chongqing Quality Measurement and Test Research Institute were accelerated, and the number of key national laboratory and engineering technology research center was increased to 11. The interactive development of the University Town and Xiyong Microelectronic Industrial Park was pushed forward. Some key scientific achievements were made, including the silkworm functional genome research, hybrid automotive and 2MW wind turbine generator system. Over the past years, the total number of professional talents was increased by 15.2%, and 11,000 person.times of foreign experts have been introduced. 1050 patents have been registered.
(II) The infrastructure construction was accelerated and the urban and rural areas taken on a new looking. The Overall Plan on the Urban and Rural Areas of Chongqing (2007 - 2020) was approved by the State Council. The urbanization rate was increased from 39.9% in 2002 to existing 48.3%. The traffic conditions in both urban and rural areas were substantially improved, achieving the objective of "8 hours Chongqing" an